Assessment of medical and losses due to socially significant diseases in the East Kazakhstan Region
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Publication date: 2021-01-13
Przegl Epidemiol 2020;74(3):543-549

AIMS. The aim of the research was assessment of the medical and social losses due to socially significant diseases (malignant neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system) in population living in the ecologically unfavorableregion of Kazakhstan (East Kazakhstan Region (EKR)).
MATERIALS AND METHODS.The materials for the research were provided by the Department of Statistics, the Republican Center of Electronic Health Care and the Regional Oncology Center for 5 years depth (2011-2015 yy.). Statistical data of the entire population of the region was analyzed.
Years of Life Lost (YLL), YLL due to death integral indicators were calculated according to the standardized methodology recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION. Significant premature loss of years due to socially significant diseases in the study region was observed in the research group of 45-69 years with a gender prevalence in male. The fraction of direct economic loss as a result ofhealth losses due to circulatory system diseases and malignant neoplasms averaged about 5% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The medical and social losses of years depend on a number of social and economic factorsin the region (environmental pollution, population income, centralized water supply and the fraction of economically active population).

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