Przegląd epidemiologiczny 2022, 76(2): 149-154

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in Eastern Algeria
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Karouche Saida, Benbott Amel, Rouar Salim Djouad Marwa, Hafiane Chaima

COVID-19 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Algeria was also affected by the COVID-19, it was considered the third most affected country in Africa.
The main aim of the study was to identify risk factors and the impact of risk factors on the incidence SARS-CoV-2 infection and the clinical course of the COVID-19, through a behavioral survey on a representative sample of the people who have been previously diagnosed with COVID-19.
A partial cross-sectional study of 808 people from a population of both sexes, aged 1 to 90 years allowed the description of the epidemiological profile of patients in the city of Oum-El-Bouaghi in eastern Algeria. 
The results of the study shows that the SASR-CoV-2 infection appears to be very strongly related to social and biological factor. The relationship between different BMI classes and the pandemic is confirmed by a significant difference (p < 0.001). The results of the epidemiological profile of the SARS-CoV-2 infected population shows that COVID-19 particularly affects people aged 40-50 years. In was noted that there is a very highly significant difference (p=0.000) between age and COVID-19. Although no relationship between disease and gender of patients was observed (p=0.110). It was also noted that there is a very significant difference (p=0.001) between smoking and SARS-CoV-2 infection. And the survey data show that marriages predominate among patients

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